Peacemaking Criminology Aproaches to Crime Prevention: A Review of Successful Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Strategies

John F. Wozniak, Western Illinois University

As Ronald Berger, Marvin Free, and Patricia Searles (2001) note, human beings are seen by peacemaking criminologists to be estranged from their fundamental state of goodness. Thus, peacemaking criminologists become involved in "imagining the possibility of a better world as a first step toward its realization" and generally believe that more can be done to improve our situation on crime in present society. In essence, the vision is to make peace, rather than war, with crime.

More specifically, peacemaking criminology focuses on the prevention rather than the repression of crime. Peacemaking criminology thereby proposes three approaches to crime prevention: primary, secondary, tertiary. This paper explores the nature of the peacemaking criminology approach to crime prevention across these three levels. In keeping with Elliott Currie's (1998) current research, an effort is made to identify successful crime prevention approaches that reflect peacemaking criminology values.

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Updated 05/20/2006