Personal and Career Characteristics of Prison Wardens in Virginia

Nancy Elizabeth Santiago, St. Leo University
James A. Nolan, Norfolk State University

ABSTRACT
This paper examines the personal and career characteristics of prison wardens in Virginia by tracing the number and types of positions the wardens have held during their professional careers. The information is related to personal characteristics such as gender and education major and degree. Several paths to becoming a warden are identified. Career factors are more important than personal factors in understanding the wardens' leadership styles as indicated by the Leadership Practice Inventory and Leadership Behavior Analysis II scales. All wardens in Virginia participated in the survey conducted in 1999. The data have implications for persons pursuing management careers in corrections.

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Updated 05/20/2006