Probation Violations and Social Bonds

M. Kevin Gray, Indiana State University
Roni Mayzer, Michigan State University

ABSTRACT
The current study examines probation violations in a sample of probationers from Michigan. Characteristics of probationers are examined, paying particular attention to those characteristics that indicate the probationer's 'stakes in conformity.' This research draws upon Hirschi's (1969) social control theory as well as Sampson and Laub's (1993) extension of this theory to include meaningful adult bonds. Variables such as work, marriage and family, residential stability, education, and involvement in conventional activities are included in the model. Implications for policy and theory will be discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006