Victimization and Offending: Exploring the Role of Victimization in the Delinquent Subcultures

C. William Hall, North Carolina State University

Violence and victimization are inexorably linked, yet the role of victimization in subculture theory (especially the subculture of violence) has not been explored to any depth. We know that persons who are victims of crime are given to a higher incidence of non-normative behaviors, such as drug use or menta disorder. Additionally, persons who perpetrate crime are more often locate in the same context where victims are more prevalent (e.g., most violence is perpetrated by males against males). Subculture theories generally contend that ower class, adolescent males will be more involved in criminal activity than other groups. However, these theories do not address or have left implicit the notion that persons who engage in criminal activity are also more likely to be victims of crime. Using theories of delinquent subcultures (particularly the subculture of violence), this paper draws on that body of theory to guide an empirical investigation into a link between victimization and (violent) offending. Data are drawn from the Nation Youth Survey (NYS). Results are presented and discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006