|Despite the many different categories of theory that draw the interest of criminologists, social control theories continue to garner a great deal of theoretical attention. More specifically, different forms of social bond theory while frequently tested over the years, continue to generate scholarly debate. The traditional form of the theory argued that the bond should be measured in four separate contexts: attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief. This paper examines an expanded version of the social bond that includes the additional measurement context of religion. Results presented are for the explanation of violence.
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