Race-Specific Gender Inequality and Female Homicide Rates in U.S. Cities

Sarah Eschholz, Georgia State University
Lynne M. Vieraitis, University of Alabama - Birmingham

ABSTRACT
According to feminist perspectives, both gender inequality and gender equality could increase female homicide victimization rates, the former increasing the structural disadvantage of women, and the latter representing a "backlash" effect. Considering the significant changes in women's absolute status and their status relative to men over the past several decades, the present study examines the impact of gender inequality, measured along economic, educational, and occupational dimensions, on homicide rates using city-level data for 1980, 1990, and 2000. In addition, the data are disaggregated by race to explore whether the results differ for White and Black women.

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Updated 05/20/2006