Differences in Journey-to--Crime Pattern Between Different Types of Offending (Solo, Co-offending and Switching) in Police Recorded Crime Data

Hanja Colenbrander, NSCR

ABSTRACT
One of the issues within journey-to-crime research is to gain understanding of the process of connecting offenders to victims or targets, and how they come together in space and time. Most journey-to-crime studies focus on the individual offender or, on an aggregated level, on the offender population as a whole. Although a lot of crime is committed by co-offenders, yet this group has hardly been studied in journey-to-crime research. At NSCR, we currently research possible differences in journey-to-crime patterns between predominantly single offenders respectively co-offenders. We expect that co-offenders redefine their opportunities by combining mental maps of the involved partners-in-crime. Using interview methodology, the main study tries to uncover the use and function of the mental maps of co-offenders. The present paper describes part of the research project on co-offenders' journey-to-crime pattern, using police-records - provided by Haaglanden police - as data source. Based on Rational Choice and Routine Activities theory, we argue that solo and co-offenders will display differences in journey-to-crime patterns. In this paper we put this proposition to test. As police-records are not designed for easy analysis of journey-to-crime patterns, various methods and remedies, like GIS, to attack this (distance) problem, will be tried and evaluated.

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Updated 05/20/2006