|Behavioral and psychological-related testing and instruments in police recruitment have been suspected of being racially discriminatory.
Unfortunately, such arguments lack supports of empirical studies and such race-related adverse impact of recruitment-related testing has not yet sufficiently
researched in the criminology arena. This study's results showed that there was statistically racial difference in psychological testing, but such
difference was disappeared while controlling of other variables such as socio-economic status of police candidates.
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