Looking at the Tail: Does Ohio's Correctional Control After Prison Resemble a Pussycat or a Scorpion?

Senarath Dassanayaka, Ohio Dept. of Rehabilitation & Correction
Brian D. Martin, Ohio Dept. of Rehabilitation & Correction
Steve Van Dine, Ohio Dept. of Rehabilitation & Correction

The Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction, through its component, the Adult Parole Authority (APA), supervises many offenders after they exit from prison. Before a criminal code revision in 1996, those under supervision were parolees who could be returned to prison for the remainder of a fairly long maximum sentence. For those convicted since 1996, those released under supervision (Post Release Control, or PRC) can be returned to prison for a much shorter total period of time, with a maximum of nine months at a single interval. This paper details a study of the violation behavior of the two types of offenders for the first twelve months under supervision. The response of the APA is studied. At the local level the decisions of the supervising officer and the unit supervisor are detailed, even for minor incidents where revocation is not likely. For cases where revocation is considered, several factors are reviewed at the "due process" hearing. The most critical issue examines the difference in patterns between the parolees and PRC offenders.

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Updated 05/20/2006