|Central Asia has been known as a region facing problems relating to massive illicit drug trafficking activities from neighboring Afghanistan which is a producer of 75% of illicit opiates in the world. This particular form of transnational organized crime became a basis for development of other forms of organized crime whose scope and intensity has not been comprehensively assessed. With the adoption of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime by the General Assembly and its signing by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan, there is a legal basis and operational need to assess the problem of organized crime in Central Asia, so as to identify its patterns and dynamics, and make recommendations on ways and means to enhance the control and prevention of organized crime in the region through better domestic, transborder and international cooperation and technical assistance.
On the basis of a United Nations survey on assessment of transnational organized crime, and other information and data, either arranged by ODCCP or/and external, the purpose of the report is to present types of and tendencies in organized crime in Central Asia in the context of internal and external illicit markets and smuggling and trafficking activities of, e.g., drugs, firearms, previous materials, money and human beings, and propose recommendations improving the control and prevention of organized crime in technical assistance terms. A progress report covers initial findings from the above project covering Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
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