Intermediate Sanctions: An Effective Answer for the New Millennium in Brazil

Cesar Barros Leal, Federal Unversity of Ceara' (Brazil)

As an answer to the failure of imprisonment and consolidating the perception that prison does not rehabilitate anyone and must be seen as an "extrema ratio", a necessary evil that should be restricted to serious or violent crimes, there are the alternative or intermediate sanctions, much less expensive and more humane since they do not remove the convict from his/her work, family and social environment. A recent law in Brazil has enlarged the options of non-custodial penalties, causing a progressive change of the prevailing culture that sees the prison sentence as the only real punishment. The paper analyzes the development of these new types of sentences and the attitude of judges and prosecutors towards them.

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Updated 05/20/2006