Interfaces Between Transnational Crime and Legal Actors

Edgar Tijhuis, NSCR

ABSTRACT
Between transnational crime and legal society all kinds of interfacing relationships can be found. Prof. Passas at Temple University developed a concept of interfaces that consists of two main and eight subcatories of relations between transnational criminals and legal actors. In my study I'm analysing these interfacing relationships and test them empirically. I'll argue that the number of theoretical categories can be limited. Furthermore, I'll argue that the occurence of specific interfacing relationships is connected with three different types of transnational crime, defined by the specific function crime has. While one type of crime, illegal markets, gets most attention in the literature on organized crime and relations with legal actors, the other types show far more relations (interfaces) with legal actors. In the second type, transnational crime consists of a fundamental cooperation between legal and illegal actors while in the third type, transnational crime acts as intermediary between legal actors. The empirical study to test these ideas will focus on the illegal art trade and human trafficking. These examples of transnational crime will be studied in the US and the Netherlands.

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Updated 05/20/2006