The Impact of School Risk Factors on Self-Reported Crime, Delinquency and Vicitimisation

Stephen Boxford, University of Cambridge

School, after the family, is probably the second most important context for socialisation (Scherer, 1978). It is therefore likely that school context will affect juvenile delinquency. Using data from the Cardiff School Study, which is a survey of 3500 14-15 year old school pupils in all the 20 state secondary schools located in the Welsh capital city, the impact of school risk factors on self reported crime, delinquency and victimisation will be investigated. School risk factors will be based on the literature regarding school climate and ethos. School climate has been seen by a number of researchers (for example, Rutter et al. 1979, Anderson, 1982, Gottfredson and Gottfredson, 1985, Welsh et al. 2000) as being very important in explaining variations in crime and delinquency rates between schools. School climate includes such factors as communication patterns, norms about what is appropriate behaviour and how rewards and sanctions should be applied, role relationships and role perceptions, and patterns of influence and accommodation (Fox et al. 1979). It is from this literature, regarding school climate and ethos, that school risk factors have been identified and tested in relation to their effects on both general and school based self-reported crime, delinquency and victimisatio

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Updated 05/20/2006