A Statewide Evaluation of Ohio's Drug Courts: Characteristics and Outcomes

Shelley Johnson Listwan, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Deborah Koetzle Shaffer, University of Cincinnati
Edward J. Latessa, University of Cincinnati

ABSTRACT
Drug courts developed out of an organizational need for an alternative to incarceration. These courts attempt to reduce substance abuse and recidivism through techniques such as monitoring, alternative sanctions, and treatment. Evaluations of drug courts around the country are beginning to emerge, and although the outcome results are encouraging not all courts are showing a reduction in rearrest rates. The fact remains that despite the rapid expansion of drug courts, their growing prevalence, and popularity, little is known about the ability of the drug court model to achieve its objectives in a variety of circumstances. The current study will explore the characteristics and outcomes among 7 adult and 3 juvenile drug courts across the State of Ohio. This research adds to the literature by examining the impact of drug court programming on recidivism across jurisdictions.

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Updated 05/20/2006