|This paper updates the work of Young and Sulton (1991). In their important article, Young and Sulton examine the integration of African American scholars in various aspects of the field of criminology and criminal justice (C/CJ). Specifically they note the exclusion of African American perspectives in C/CJ literature, the minimal use of African American criminologists by policymakers, the sparse number of grants being awarded to African American criminologists, and the exclusion of African American scholars as contacts for media stories. Our paper examines whether there have been any noticeable breakthroughs in these areas within the last decade.
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