Location of Community Corrections Centers

Michael P. Johnson, Carnegie Mellon University

ABSTRACT
Community corrections centers have been shown to be effective in reducing recidivism rates as compared to direct release of incarcerated individuals. However, location of CCCs is challenging because residents of communities in which they would be sited often see them as "undesirable land uses". On the other hand, CCCs function best when they are proximate to employment and educational opportunities and are well integrated into the fabric of residential communities.

We present a quantitative planning model to identify sites for one or more CCCs. These sites are intended to represent desirable tradeoffs of efficiency (net societal costs), effectiveness (likelihood of successful reintegration of CCC residents into civil society) and equity (fairness of location strategies from the viewpoint of potential destination communities). These policy alternatives may be used as input into a community discussion process by which a specific siting strategy is agreed upon.

This presentation addresses: (a) leveraging social science knowledge to influence strategic planning for CCCs, (b) integrating notions of value-focused thinking, OR-based decision models and group negotiations and (c) identifying specific policy alternatives from an planning model applied to data from Pittsburgh, PA.

Keywords: Facility location, criminal justice, integer programming, multi-objective programming, value-focused thinking, group negiotiations

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Updated 05/20/2006