Research has shown that neighborhood characteristics have a relationship with delinquency. Yet little research has examined the relationship between neighborhood characteristics and recidivism rates of youths involved in delinquency interventions. Data for this paper come from the Indianapolis Restorative Justice Experiment. This paper will examine the spatial characteristics of the neighborhoods in which youths that attended a restorative justice conference lived at the time of their offense. While looking at those youths that recidivated compared to those that did not, we will attempt to determine if there is a difference in the neighborhood spatial composition that may help explain recidivism.
This paper will involve using GIS mapping to aid in the spatial evaluation. The following layers will be used:
ú Census data for Marion County (Indianapolis, IN) ú Examples: ú Racial composition ú SES composition ú School layer ú Park layer ú Parcel (building) layer ú Police station locations ú Centerline (Streets) layer
Several analyses of the spatial distribution of re-offending including the location quotient will be conducted.
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