Social Networks in Criminal Violence

Richard Rosenfeld, University of Missouri - St. Louis
Norman A. White, University of Missouri - St. Louis
Carolyn Phillips, University of Missouri - St. Louis
Pernell Witherspoon, University of Missouri - St. Louis

ABSTRACT
Much serious violence occurs in a group context. Researchers interested in peer influences and youth gangs have extensively investigated the group context of youth violence. However, the role of social networks in criminal violence has not received significant attention. The present research uses criminal history information to reveal the interrelationships among individuals directly or indirectly involved in criminal violence in St. Louis. Those interrelationships are formally modeled as social networks, and the models are used to examine the relationship between network position and the frequency and seriousness of criminal offending and victimization.

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Updated 05/20/2006