The Very Short-Term Consequences of Adolescent Employment for Grades, Truancy, and In-School Behavior Problems: Evidence From Sound Futures

John Robert Warren, University of Washington
Jennifer C. Lee, University of Minnesota

Social science research on the consequences of high school students' paid employment can be divided into two methodological camps. The first camp considers the cross-sectional association between adolescent employment and outcomes, and can only make weak causal claims. The second camp considers the longitudinal association between adolescent employment in one year and outcomes in subsequent years. Although the second camp can make stronger causal claims, the long time lag between measures of adolescent employment and outcomes is problematic because theories about the consequences of adolescent employment imply that any effects should be short-term in nature. In order to consider the very short-term effects of adolescent employment on grades, truancy, and in-school behavior problems, we utilize data that contains weekly measures of adolescent employment and these outcomes.

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Updated 05/20/2006