Childhood Conduct Problems and Social Developmental Mechanisms for Adult Depression

Rick Kosterman, University of Washington
J. David Hawkins, University of Washington
W. Alex Mason, University of Washington
Todd I. Herrenkohl, University of Washington

ABSTRACT
Previous research has shown that early conduct problems put children at significantly higher risk for later depression. Thus, it is important to understand depression as a possible consequence of risk factors often associated with crime, and to examine the developmental mechanisms linking these early factors with depressive disorders. This paper assesses the degree to which social developmental processes mediate or moderate the effects of early internalizing and externalizing symptoms, family history of depression, gender, ethnicity, and childhood poverty on depression in early adulthood. Data are from the Seattle Social Development Project (SSDP), a multiethnic and gender-balanced urban panel of 808 participants constituted in 1985. The dataset consists of ten waves from ages 10 to 24, and includes measures from the Achenbach Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) during childhood and adolescence, and assessments of depression based on the Diagnostic Interview Schedule in adulthood. Social developmental constructs and related risk and protective factors are assessed throughout. Analyses integrate social developmental constructs in hierarchical regression models in order to assess their effects on the relationships between early problem behaviors and adult depression. Models examine mediating and moderating hypotheses.

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Updated 05/20/2006