Blended Sentencing of Juveniles in Minnesota: Processing and Recidivism Models

Fred Cheesman II, National Center for State Courts
Heidi Green, Minnesota Supreme Court

ABSTRACT
he National Center for State Courts (NCSC) and the Supreme Court of Minnesota (MSC) evaluated the practice of juvenile-inclusive blended sentencing in Minnesota (called Extended Juvenile Jurisdiction or EJJ). Blended juvenile sentencing has generated a lot of interest as a prime example of the "reform" movement in juvenile sentencing because it is a sentencing innovation that attempts to bridge the gap between the adult and juvenile justice systems. This research and evaluation project provides objective information about this innovation by accomplishing two objectives: (1) Examining the decision-m,aking processes that results in dispositions of Adult Certification, EJJ, or strictly juvenile processing for juvenile offenders by determining the influence of legal and extralegal variables on decisions made at critical stages of processing and (2) assessing the effectiveness of the three dispositional alternatives (Adult Certification, EJJ, or strictly juvenile) in deterring subsequent delinquent/criminal behavior. To accomplish the first objective, logistic and multinomial logistic regression models were used to identify the factors that influenced (1) the decision to motion for EJJ status or adult certification and (2) the final type of disposition (Juvenile, adult or blended). Recidivism data comparing post-dispositional outcomes for offenders with EJJ, adult and juvenile dispositions were analyzed using Cox regression.

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Updated 05/20/2006