Bridging the Gap Between Crime and Culture: Study of Protective Cultural Factors on Transnational Level

Galma Jahic, Rutgers University

This study represents an attempt to fill in the gap in cross-cultural criminology about relationship between cultural characteristics and criminal behavior. It is proposed that combination of cultural characteristics may act as macro level protective factors against crime, through ways they define and regulate relationships between members of the society. In order to examine this question, INTERPOL's international crime data and the UN's Crime Survey data are compared with data on cultural dimensions of societies from a study by Hofstede (1984). While this gives very limited set of data, it still represents a unique attempt to find underlining factors that make individuals from certain cultures less likely to be involved with crime. Recoding techniques were used as a way of reducing the measurement error and increasing validity of the results.

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Updated 05/20/2006