The Relative Contributions of Court Interventions, Changing Marital Status, and Informal Social Controls to Delaying Re-Arrest for Domestic Violence

Amy Thistlethwaite, Northern Kentucky University
John Wooldredge, University of Cincinnati

ABSTRACT
Researchers of domestic violence recidivism have focused primarily upon the effects of formal and informal social controls on the incidence and prevalence of re-offending, with little attention paid to how these factors might influence time to recidivism. To provide a more comprehensive understanding of repeat domestic violence, we present findings from an event history analysis of time to re-arrest (during a 58 month follow-up period) for 3603 domestic violence suspects in Cincinnati, Ohio. This study moves beyond previous research on police intervention with (a) an examination of court dispositions, (b) measures of "risk" tapping the individual-level characteristics of suspects as well as the aggregate-level characteristics of the neighborhoods where they reside, (c) consideration of a suspect's changing marital status throughout the follow-up period, and (d) an analysis of possible interaction effects between legal interventions and the micro-/macro-level risk factors examined.

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Updated 05/20/2006