Victimization and HIV Risk Behavior Among Female Crack Users

T.K. Logan, University of Kentucky
Jennifer Cole, University of Kentucky
Carl G. Leukefeld, University of Kentucky

Victimization and HIV risk have consistently been associated in the research literature. For example, Cohen et al. (2000) found that women at risk for HIV had experienced high rates of abuse with approximately 1 in 3 reporting child sexual abuse and 1 in 4 of the women reporting intimate partner violence in the preceding year. Whitmire et al., (1999) found that women who had been sexually victimized as children were five times more likely to have been sexually assaulted in adulthood than women who had not been sexually victimized as children, and that the adult experience of rape was associated with increased

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Updated 05/20/2006