Effect of Life Circumstances on Female Offending Behavior

Marie L. Griffin, Arizona State University West
Gaylene Styve Armstrong, Arizona State University West

ABSTRACT
Historically, studies exploring the relationship between informal social controls and criminal behavior have focused on male offenders, primarily male juvenile offenders. Far fewer studies focus on adult social bonds and women offenders' desistance from crime. This study examines the way in which local life circumstances, or those immediate conditions that comprise an individual's social reality (e.g., employment, marriage, living conditions, drug and alcohol use), influence short-term criminal behavior for a group of female drug abusing probationers. Results suggest a gendered response to change in local life circumstances and the likelihood of continued criminal activity.

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Updated 05/20/2006