An Integrated Multilevel Approach to Juvenile Delinquency in Korea

Cheong Sun Park, University of Chicago

ABSTRACT
The juvenile studies in Korea have been lacking the mid-range approaches focusing on the characteristics and differences among communities, neighborhoods or schools. Even if some of the studies have dealt with the school and community problems, they lack the interests in the geographic, neo-institutional and community-oriented appreciation. Rather, even the interests on the mid-range approach have been regressed to the individual problems in such a way that problem is not a community or a school that fails to cultivate youths, but a youth who fails to adapt to school programs and community circumstances. This paper focuses on the effects of both levels (school level and individual level) on the individual deviance itself. Results show that school effects are manifested in different ways for different types of delinquency. Also, there is a different effect of linking paths in such a way that the community model is less likely effective than opportunity model. Also, cross-level interaction effects exist for delinquent friends so that the effects of delinquent friends on individual deviance appear to be different among schools. Finally, while the loosening link effects are more likely to be manifested in the middle school, the inducing link effects are more likely to be manifested in the high school.

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Updated 05/20/2006