Crime and Achievement, Part I: A Related Explanation

Carlo Morselli, Universite de Montreal
Pierre Tremblay, Universite de Montreal
Mathieu Charest, Universite de Montreal
Katia Petit, Universite de Montreal

A network explanation is elaborated in this first segment of a larger research program addressing variations in achievement levels in crime. Data for the study were obtained in a recent federal inmate survey in southern Quebec. Structural hole theory (Burt 1992) is used in accounting for entrepreneurial behavioural patterns as indicated by nonredundant networking. Results show that nonredundant or efficient networking is positively related to criminal incomes (our indicator for achievement in crime). Theoretically, the criminal network-achievement relationship allows us to broaden the limits of differential association theory within the scope of a purposive action and opportunity-structure framework.

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Updated 05/20/2006