|According to previous literatures, delinquency is significantly associated with illegal gun use. Based on an empirical and theoretical framework of social control theories, the present study attempts to identify a structural relationship between juvenile delinquency and gun carrying among high school students. In particular, we attempt to delve into the recursive effects between delinquency and gun carrying in relation to social control forces. A national survey of high school youth in the U.S. is employed in this study and structural equation models are designed to estimate direct and indirect effects of social control factors on delinquency and firearm carrying among high school students. A preliminary analysis suggests that recursive effects exist between delinquency and gun carrying among high school students. Interestingly, those effects estimated are less influential than the indirect effects of informal social forces in terms of delinquency and gun carrying.
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