International Gender Differences on Three Aspects of the Experience of Fear and Crime

Gabry Vanderveen, Erasmus University Rotterdam

The consistent observation in the Anglo-Saxon and Dutch literature in this field is that more women than men experience unsafety. The question arises whether similar patterns appear in countries in Latin-America, Africa and Asia. To investigate this, it is not only necessary to develop hypotheses about the possible variety in patterns, but also to find relevant data and a method which can be more or less easily interpreted. A possible data source is the International Crime Victim Survey and although the items in the ICVS have been criticised justly, they can be used to do (explorative) research. Three items from the ICVS are selected for further analyses and described briefly. After that, the paper proposes a graphical approach that suggests different ways to look at the huge amount of data from all participating countries. Then, the paper deals with the question whether and to what extent male and female respondents differ in their experience of safety, using the data of three items of all participating countries. The variety of these differences among countries is further discussed. Then, logistic regression is used to study the research question which structural variables explain the gender differences on a macro-level.

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Updated 05/20/2006