|The European Commission on Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) is a formal mechanism established in 1993 through which the European Union seeks to protect human rights. Its actions are intended to cover "all necessary measures to combat violence, discrimination and prejudice faced by persons or groups of persons, notably on grounds of race, colour, language, religion, nationality and national or ethnic origin" (ECRI, 2000: 1). This investigation seeks to analyze the impact of ECRI focus on Germany and France, nations with significant problems of minority integration. Two reports have been produced for each country, with specific recommendations intended to facilitate the inclusion of populations of color and Muslims. Both nations have responded with policy initiatives and dialogue. The structure and process of the ECRI are evaluated as models for combating hate in the 21st century.
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