Effects of Belief in Token Resistance, Hypermasculinity, and Female Alcohol Consumption on Perceptions of Date Rape

Kathryn Lawson, Georgia State University
Mark D. Reed, Georgia State University
Laura J. Dugan, Georgia State University

ABSTRACT
The lack of overt force or threat in many sexually coercive and date rape incidents suggests that such victimization experiences often occur in circumstances that are ambiguous or confusing to sexual aggressors. Sexual aggressors may fail to identify correctly coercive and unwanted sexual interactions because of belief in token resistance or identification with hypermasculine traits. Limited research examines the relative importance of belief in token resistance and hypermasculinity in predicting perceptions of date rape. Researchers also speculate that situational factors such as alcohol consumption may moderate the effects of these factors on date rape perceptions. This study examines the role of victim alcohol consumption in moderating the impact of belief in token resistance and identification with hypermasculinity on perceptions of date rape. It is hypothesized that males who indicate a strong belief in token resistance or a strong belief in token resistance or a strong identification with hypermasculine traits will perceive less date rape than those with weaker beliefs or identification, especially in the alcohol consumption condition. Additionally, we expect that hypermasculinity will exert a greater influence on date rape perceptions than belief in token resistance. Using date rape scenarios, a randomized experiment is conducted with a sample of male college students to test these hypotheses.

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Updated 05/20/2006