Investigating the Contextual Effects of Campus Victimization: Results of a National Sample

Bonnie Fisher, University of Cincinnati
Michael G. Turner, Northeastern University
Francis T. Cullen, University of Cincinnati

Recent investigations into the factors that are associated with criminal victimization have employed models that include both aggregate-level and individual-level predictors. These multi-level models are based on the premise that characteristics at both levels contribute to explaining variation in victimization. Although results are mixed, there is evidence that aggregate-level factors (i.e., neighborhood ethnic heterogeneity and incivilities) condition the effects of individual-level characteristics. Though informative, research has not investigated the effects that these aggregate and individual-level characteristics have on college student victimization. Using a national sample of 4,446 female college students, we use hierarchical linear modeling to estimate the effects that individual-level and contextual-level characteristics have on the risk of different types of on-campus sexual victimization. The theoretical and policy implications of this research are discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006