Substance Abuse Treatment Outcomes for African American, Hispanic, and White Federal Prisoners: Results From the TRIAD Study

Jennifer L. Rounds-Bryant, Federal Correctional Institution
Mark Motivans, Federal Bureau of Prisons
Bernadette Pelissier, Federal Bureau of Prisons

ABSTRACT
Little is known about minority substance abusers, whether they benefit from treatment in general, and/or how their treatment outcomes compare with those of white substance abusers. This gap in the literature may be attributed to a number of issues including access to treatment, research sample selection, and the way in which results are reported. The purpose of this study is to provide information about minority substance abusers and their treatment outcomes. The paper will describe and compare background and pre-incarceration characteristics (e.g. psychosocial history, criminal history, and drug use history) and 3-year post-release outcomes (e.g. recidivism and drug use) for mail African American (n=343), Hispanic (n=84), and white (n=612) Federal prisoners who were treated in the Federal Bureau of Prison's Drug Abuse Program (DAP) from 1991-1997. Subjects were surveyed and interviewed prior to treatment and when treatment ended. Information on post-release behaviors was obtained from U.S. Probation officers and electronic databases.

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Updated 05/20/2006