Fear of Crime in Western Industrialized Countries: A Multilevel Analysis

Karin Wittebrood, Social en Cultural Planning Office

This paper examines the degree to which differences in fear of crime can be explained by differences in individual charateristics and by differences in the level of crime in the countries under investigation. It is assumed that individual characteristics indicating vulnerability are important explanatory variables as well as victimization experiences. Furthermore, it is assumed that the level in crime in a country can explain fear of crime. To test the hypotheses the Internatinal Crime Victims Survey 2000 hold in 16 western industrialized countries is used (approximately 35,000 respondents). Multilevel analyzes were applied to analyze the data. The study shows that fear of crime is mainly determined to individual charateristics and only to a small extent to the level of crime in a country.

(Return to Program Resources)

Updated 05/20/2006