Gender Differences in Negative Affect and Behavioral Responses to Strain: A Test of General Strain Theory

Kelly K. Browning, University of South Florida
Christine S. Sellers, University of South Florida
Charles B. Adams, University of South Florida

ABSTRACT
Theoretical discussions of general strain theory have suggested that the model may operate differently for females and males. Previous research has already examined the effects of strain on delinquecy by gender. The present study builds on this research by expanding the general strain model to include negative affect and by predicting alternative behavioral responses in addition to delinquency. Using deata collected from 1,674 students attending high school and middle school, four models are assessed: the effects of strain and anger on delinquency, the effects of strain and depression on delinquency, the effects of strain and anger on eating disorders, and the effects of strain and depression on eating disorders. Each of these models examines females and males separately.

(Return to Program Resources)

Updated 05/20/2006