The Influence of Race/Ethnicity on the Development of Negative Adult Consequences of Childhood Victimization: Violence, Depression, and Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Jorge M. Chavez, University at Albany
Cathy Spatz Widom, New Jersey Medical School (UMDNJ)

Recent literature has suggested that there may be differences between African-Americans and Whites in terms of the predictors of violence and/or risk and protective factors. This research examines the influence of race and/or ethnicity on the developmental, social, and environmental processes that contribute to the development of three negative adult outcomes typically associated with a history of childhood abuse and/or neglect; violence, depression, and generalized anxiety disorder. The data are based on a prospective cohorts design, using court substantiated cases of physical and sexual abuse and neglect from the years 1967 to 1971 were matched on the basis of race, sex, age and approximate family social class to a group of non-abused and non-neglected individuals and followed up into young adulthood. In-person interviews were conducted durng the years 1989-1995 (N=l,196). Multivariate statistical analyses will be used as well as descriptive statistics. Implications for future research and intervention are discussed.

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Updated 05/20/2006