The Spread of Community Policing During the COPS Office Era: Measuring the Impact of a Federally Funded Program on the Adoption of Community Policing Tactics

Calvin C. Johnson, The Urban Institute

ABSTRACT
Title I of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of1994 (Crime Act 1994) provided the basis for the creation of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (CPS Office) and authorized grant funds to increase the number and presence of officers on the streets. Explicit in the authorizing legislation and consistently promoted by the COPS Office was the message that these grant funds were to facilitate the adoption of community policing. The COPS Office operationalized community policing as four components: community partnership building, problem-solving, prevention programs, and organizational support for community policing. Despite this explicit operationalization of community policing, agencies were not instructed on how to implement their programs. Instead, each agency operationalized its community policing program in a manner consistent with local political interests and public safety needs.

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Updated 05/20/2006