Peacemaking Criminology: Applications in Policing

Robin Campbell, Royal Ulster Constabulary Headquarters
Natalie Pearl, San Diego State University

ABSTRACT
As community policing and the research and literature regarding its implementation has matured and evolved, it has become evident that the successful implementation of true community policing is more complex and problematic than originally envisioned. This is especially true when, as in Northern Ireland, it is a main plank in developing sustainable peace and relationships between the police and certain sections of the community. Community policing rests upon the twin dynamics of appeals to the community and inter-agency partnerships. Community policing requires the integration of cultural, structural and systemic changes to police forces, alongside the development of relationships between the police and their communities. However in a previous work, Pearl and Campbell have laid out a series of power differentials that exist in partnerships that impact such development between the police and the community. This paper suggests that peacemaking criminology may have the potential to be used as a mechanism to move to full implementation of community policing and from there to a more full definition of peace. This is particularly so when peacemaking criminology is wedded to strategic leadership and management techniques to improve the implementation of community policing, and community police problem solving.

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Updated 05/20/2006