Application of Situational Crime Prevention Techniques to a High Crime Area in Indianapolis

Kathryn McKernan, Indiana University, Bloomington
Dan King, Indiana University, Bloomington

Efforts made to reduce criminal activity have benefited from a focus on the influence of environmental factors on inhibiting opportunities for the commission of crime. Recent tests of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and situational prevention techiques have yielded favorable results such that the development and application of these strategies warrants further attention. This study investigates the benefits of a strategic application of practical crime prevention techniques to a high crime area in Indianapolis, IN. Consistent with situational crime prevention research, an examination of routine activities and crime patterns in this neighborhood was conducted. This problem analysis led to the development of strategies to counteract partiular types of offenses. Preliminary findings from an analysis of calls for police service and reported crime in this area after the implementation of environmental and policy changes are also discussed. The results of this study extend our understanding of the environmental impact on certain criminal behavior while adding empirical evidence for determining the utility of situational crime prevention strategies.

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Updated 05/20/2006