Multilevel Causes of Racial Bias in Police Statistics of Stops, Citations, and Warnings

H. Marcinda Mason, North Carolina State University
William J. Smith, North Carolina State University
Patricia Y. Warren, North Carolina State University
Donald Tomaskovic-Devey, North Carolina State University

ABSTRACT
Research on racial disparity in policing often focuses of one level of analysis (community, police organization, or individual police officer characteristics). This study will investigate multilevel causes of racial bias in police statistics of stops, citations, and warnings. The two levels under investigation are the individual level and the troop district level, which will consider both organizational and community charactaeristics. This research analyzes North Carolna State Highway Patrol stop, citation, and warning data and census data to test for multilevel causes of racial dispaity in policing.

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Updated 05/20/2006