Racial Profiling in Connecticut: A Summary of the Statewide Traffic Stops Statistics

Stephen M. Cox, Central Connecticut State University
Susan E. Pease, Central Connecticut State University
Daniel S. Miller, Central Connecticut State University

Public Act No. 99-198 of the Connecticut General Assembly was signed into law by Governor John Rowland on June 28, 1999 and went into effect on October 1, 1999. This act defined the concept of racial profiling and instructed the Chief State's Attorney to collect information on all police-initiated traffic stops in Connecticut. Over 600,000 traffic stops were recorded during the first year of this legislation across 92 police agencies. This paper presents the first year findings of these data. Besides performing the comparison of traffic stops' race and ethnic population to town race and ethnic population, we created a measure of traffic stop disparity for each police jurisdiction and used a regression analysis to explain disparities across towns in the stop decision, reason for the stop, disposition of the traffic stop, and motor vehicle searches.

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Updated 05/20/2006