Parent-Child Affective Quality and Affiliation With Deviant Peers Influences on Adolescent Oppositional Behaviors: A Replication and Extension of a Protective Process Model in an Intervention Trial

Wei Chao, Institute for Social & Behavioral Researc

A Structural Equation Modeling study replicated and extended a protective process model tested in an earlier family-focused intervention trial (Spoth, Redmond, Shin, & Huck, 1999) by examining the effects of protective parenting (i.e. parent-child affective quality) and affiliation with deviant peers on oppositional behaviors, using three waves of the in-home assessment data (pretest, posttest, and 1-1/2 year follow-up). Results were largely consistent with earlier findings. Parent-child affective quality at pretest displayed a negative total effect at posttest on the focal child's oppositional behaviors. Parent-child afective quality at posttest had a significant inverse effect on affiliation with deviant peers at posttest. In addition, both parent-child affective quality and affiliation with deviant peers at posttest had a significant effect on oppositional behaviors at the 1-1/2 year past baseline follow-up.

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Updated 05/20/2006