Ways of Doing Integration: Integrating Theories and Bodies of Criminological Knowledge

Gregg Barak, Eastern Michigan University

Over the past couple of decades, theories of crime and punishment have blossomed in their diversity. Not only has the study of crime and punishment broadened throughout the behavioral and social sciences, but, increasingly criminologists have adopted perspectives that are no longer grounded in "classical" versus "positivist" views of human nature and social interaction. In today's multicultural worlds of criminology and criminal justice characterized by post-structuralism, post-Marxism, post-affirmative action, and post-feminism, criminologists from a variety of schools of thought have come to appreciate the value of doing integrative criminology. This paper provides an overview of modernist, post-modernist, and hyper post-modernist integrations.

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Updated 05/20/2006