What Do Guns Have to Do With It? Firearms Availability and Homicides in U.S. Counties

Gregory S. Weaver, Auburn University
Lin Huff-Corzine, University of Central Florida
Jay Corzine, University of Central Florida

The focus of our research is the relationship between firearms availability and homicides. Although existing studies in this area are numerous, their findings and conclusions are limited by researchers' use of questionable proxy measures for firearms availability and choice of metropolitan areas or cities as units of analysis. The current research adopts U.S. countries as units of analysis, employs the number of Type 1 and Type 2 Federal Firearms Licenses (FFLs) per capita as a measure of firearms availability, and uses negative binomial regression to estimate models. The results show a positive relationship between FFLKs and homicides at the county level.

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Updated 05/20/2006