Gender, Labor Market Stratification, and Urban Violence: Assessing the Direct and Indirect Linkages

Karen F. Parker, University of Florida

ABSTRACT
While there is evidence that the economic transformation created a highly polarized labor market structure, in that low-skilled workers in the manufacturing sector were not among those employed by the expanding service industry, research focusing on the consequences of this economic transformation on women and urban families has not been offered. The purpose of this paper is to explore the direct and indirect linkages between labor market stratification, concentrated disadvantages and family structure on homicide rates disaggregated by race and gender. The overall goal is to offer a study that incorporates the dynamic process in which the economic restructuring of urban areas influences race- and gender- specific homicide. Using structural equation modeling, we are able to determine whether industrial restructuring is mediated by structural conditions (such as poverty, racial residential segregation) and family constructs when impacting our disaggregated homicide rates. The result is a better understanding of the disparities these groups face in urban areas.

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Updated 05/20/2006