The Impact of Violence on Neighborhood Business Activity

Robert Greenbaum, The Ohio State University
George Tita, University of California, Irvine

The proposed research will investigate the impact of violence on non-victims. We will combine geo-coded homicide data from five cities over ten years with a longitudinal data set containing all business establishments in these cities to determine whether localized surges in homicide activity have an impact on neighborhood busiess districts. If, after controlling for prior trends in business activity, homicide surges are followed by closings of retail and personal services business establishments, this will provide evidence that non-victims such as customers and employees are changing their behavior and thereby incurring a cost from increases in violence.

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Updated 05/20/2006