The Victimization Gap: Do Male and Female Risk Factors Differ?

Jason Dean Miller, University of Arizona
Christopher J. Schreck, Arkansas State University

ABSTRACT
Victimization statistics consistently report that overall males have a much higher likelihood of becoming crime victims than females. Although some victimization theory and research attempts to account for this gender differential, there is relatively little information about why males are at greater risk. Unlike many previous empirical investigations assessing risk of victimization that did not conduct separate analyses by gender, our research attempts to identify the salient risk factors associated with violent victimization of both males and females. Our causal model emphasizes four risk factors: unsupervised and unstructured leisure activity with peers, delinquent peers, self-control, and social bonds. Our analysis uses data from a sample of high school students collected in Fayetteville, Arkansas. To estimate the extensiveness and nature of gender differentials, if any exist, we employ structural equation modeling.

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Updated 05/20/2006