Thinking and Doing: Male and Female Victimization

Leslie-Ann Keown, University of Calgary
Erin Gibbs Van Brunschot, University of Calgary

ABSTRACT
Sex as both predictor and correlate of involvement in crime and victimization is a mainstay of criminological research and theorizing. Official statistics and self-reports indicate that a greater proportion of men are involved in crime than are women, and that men tend also to report greater levels of victimization than women. In comparison to their male peers, what are women doing which may inhibit offending and/or prevent victimization? We examine differences not only in what women and men "do", but also how men and women "think". For example, as suggested by a lifestyles perspective, we examine monthly outings and precautions taken to protect self and property from crime. We also consider, for example, perceptions of safety, as well as perceptions of the police and courts. Using data from the Canadian General Social Surveys, we compare male and female respondents in an attempt to determine why it is that women are less likely to be victimized, but may also be less likely to offend than their male counterparts.

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Updated 05/20/2006