The Impact of Structural Variables on Juvenile Crime: Does Gender Matter?

Suzanne Agha, Pennsylvania State University

ABSTRACT
This paper examines whether the impact of structural factors varies by gender. I will examine the effects of unemployment and underemployment along with other structural variables (o/o poverty, o/o black, income inequality, o/o female headed households) on male and female juvenile arrest rates for index crimes at the aggregatre, SMSA level. The majority of the literature in this area examines total crime rates, which are heavily weighted by male rates. Very little research exists that examines whether structural variables are similarly related to female offending. UCR arrest rates for index crimes for juvenile females will be compared to rates for juvenile males at the SMSA level. Census Bureau estimates will be used to estimate the inpact of structural variables.

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Updated 05/20/2006