A Comparative Analysis of Race and Gang Affiliation: Is Race a Marginalizing Factor?

Adrienne Freng, University of Wyoming

Despite the long trend of gang research, there is a paucity of literature that examines the connection between race and gangs which does not concentrate on particular gangs or specific sites. Utilizing self-report data from the national Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) program, this research seeks to examine the relationship between race and gang membership. Specifically, examination of a proposed model, employing Vigils' theory of multiple marginality and social learning theory, attempts to address whether multiple marginality influences gang membership equally for different racial groups.

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Updated 05/20/2006